Community-based Participatory Research
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a collaborative process that involves community members and university researchers in all stages of research activities. The goal of CBPR is to empower the communities or individuals involved in the VOICE Research Project to take action and to promote success for children and youth.
Specific objectives of CBPR are to:
- improve research quality and importance for communities and for universities
- decrease bias
- build local capacity
- encourage community partners to ask research questions
- encourage university partners to help communities address research questions
- use and apply the findings and outcomes from the VOICE research and project activities.
Indigenous research recognizes Aboriginal ways of knowing and talking about issues, then using culturally appropriate ways of analyzing and presenting the information. Indigenous research also recognizes that one size does not fit all. As the activities are undertaken and the research themes are pursued, we use a variety of research methodologies to address these and other questions, such as the examination of traditional stories, legends, and teachings; administrative data from governments and institutional partners; interviews with community members (Elders, spiritual leaders, municipal/educational/institutional officers, young people); interactive workshops that engage community members; the inclusion of children and youth in projects meaningful to them; diverse focus groups providing more or less familiar “others,” depending on topics, community, and individual interests; and some survey research, depending on perceived needs.
Our partnerships, and our in-kind and financial contributions, have been carefully considered in order to accommodate the flexibility that is needed to develop capacity and undertake the CBPR in different contexts.
Principles of Ownership, Control, Access and Possession (OCAP)
All of the VOICE community-based participatory research activities are based on the principles of Ownership, Control, Access and Possession (OCAP) and the framework of ethical conduct for research involving First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples of Canada. The guidelines for VOICE research activities are based upon these principles and guidelines.
The Assembly of First Nations (2005) established the following four principles for research and research-related activities in First Nations communities. The VOICE research project will use these principles with all of its partners.
- Ownership is the collective ownership of information by group.
- Control of research and information by First Nations and communities involved in the VOICE Research Project.
- Access to data and its management.
- Possession which is the physical possession of the data and of the research findings.
Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Aboriginal Peoples
All VOICE research project activities must receive approval from the Brandon University Research Ethics Committee. Projects involving UCN researchers must also receive approval from the UCN Ethics Committee. As public post-secondary institutions, Brandon University and the University College of the North must follow the research ethics guidelines from the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS), 2010.